What do rats eat?

Rats are omnivorous and willing to eat practically anything available to them.  Rats in the wild like to consume fruits, vegetables, and nuts, and are more likely to be vegetarians. City rats, on the other hand, like eating trash and meat. They can eat pet food as well as almost any human food they come across.

Can rats climb walls?

Rats are excellent burrowers, capable of tunneling for several metres horizontally. Rats and mice are also excellent climbers, able to scale vertical walls and scurry between walls and drain pipes. Rats can also scale stone, brick, and other similar materials. They can snatch everything they can get their hands on. The only things they can’t scale are slippery surfaces.

Can rats swim?

Rats can swim really well. A rat has the ability to tread water for up to three days and hold their breath for an extended period of time. This is how they can withstand being flushed down toilets or re-enter your home through them. In open water, some species of rats can swim over a mile and tread water for up to three days. Rats can move through sewer pipes and dive through water plumbing traps.

Also Check: Rodent control services in Melbourne !!

Rats vs mice- what’s the difference?

Mice can be found in a number of climates and habitats all over the world. In captivity, they can live up to six years, but most naturally live for less than a year. Mice are nocturnal creatures that are shy, social, and territorial. The average House Mouse is between two and four inches long, compared to the common, and much larger, Rat, which is between seven and nine inches long.

While mice and rats have similar coloration, there are a few variations in other characteristics that may help you differentiate the two. Beginning with the snouts of mice and rats, mice have a more triangular nose, while rats have a blunter nose.

Mice have big, floppy ears, while rats have larger ears in size but not in comparison to their body size. Rat tails are normally hairless and scaly, unlike mice, who have long, thin tails with hair.

Rats and mice will gnaw on your house’s numerous structures and cables, posing a fire threat. Since mice have weaker teeth than rats, any food supply properly preserved in glass or metal will deter mice from contaminating it, while rats would not be able to do so. Rats are much more powerful than rodents, and they have been known to gnaw through a variety of building materials including, aluminium, iron, glass, sheet metal, and even cinder blocks.

Health hazards posed by rats and mice

Rodents are not only a structural threat to your home, but they are also a public health problem. Rats and mice, are linked to a variety of health problems.

Rats in home effect health

Rats and mice have been linked to the transmission of more than 35 diseases. Humans can contract these diseases by touching living or dead rats, coming into contact with rodent faeces, urine, or saliva, or being bitten by rodents. Fleas, ticks, and mites can transmit diseases transmitted by rodents to humans in the form of fleas, ticks, and mites that feed on infected rodents.

How effective are rat traps?

A rat cage trap is a metal cage box-shaped system used to capture rats without killing them. The cage trap is baited with food that is not poisoned. The mechanism triggers and closes a door over the entry point when an animal enters the cage and moves toward the bait. The animal is captured alive and unharmed. The animal can either be transported and released somewhere, or it can be released later. Non-poisonous sticky glue is spread over card boards and the like and placed in areas where rats congregate, causing them to get trapped as they walk over it. Dehydration and asphyxiation would eventually kill the rodent. To attract the rats, a lure can be put on the cardboard.

Identifying signs of rat infestation

When rats are introduced to areas where they have never existed before, they can cause significant environmental damage.

Droppings

Rat droppings, or ‘pellets,’ match rice grains in appearance but can differ depending on the species. Rat droppings are about a half-inch long on average, while mice droppings are about half that size.

Urine odour

The smell of rat urine in a room when you don’t have pet rats could be a warning that you have some unwelcome residents. Wild rats can bear a variety of diseases that are passed on to humans by their urine. Since water and urea are the main ingredients, the urine smells like most animals’ urine. Urea is rich in nitrogen, and when it breaks down, it produces ammonia, which gives it a heavy odour. When rat urine dries, it contains minerals like calcium, which can leave a chalky stain. The odour has been described as ‘musky’ by some people.

Gnawed holes in baseboards or door-frames up to two inches deep (indicates they’ve been there a long time).

Gnaw marks can be difficult to recognize at first. However, if you go to places where rats are most likely to live, such as your basement, you’ll see more evidence of rodent harm.

On cardboard, plastic, bedding, furniture, and insulation, look for shredding and rough bite marks close to the ground. Rats also like to chew through electrical tubing, so look for signs of tampering behind your appliances.

Smudge traces on the walls (body oils)

Rats follow the same routes over and over again, leaving behind track marks. Since rat fur is coated in dirt, grease, and oil, when they brush up against walls repeatedly, a greasy residue is left behind. Look for rat tracks along the perimeters of your attic, basement, and pantry. Along these roads, you can notice faeces and urine stains.

Sounds of activity coming from behind walls and in the attic.

Since rats are nocturnal, these sounds would be most noticeable at night. They like to look for food when the house is quiet, so you can hear them more when you’re in bed. Rats enter our homes through holes and drains all the time. As a result, attics, garages, and basements are all excellent entry points.

Rat holes

For shelter, food storage, and nesting, rats are well known for digging and excavating extensive burrow systems. Rat burrows are dug next to solid objects or structures.

Rat nests

Rats make their homes in burrows, but they can also be found in lofts, attics, under eaves, and also in cavity walls. To make dens, they can shred usable materials like loft insulation, cardboard, and other soft objects.

The family pet

If your family pet stares intently at a specific wall or you notice it running after what seems like nothing, there might be a rodent hiding somewhere.

Where do rats live?

Rats are either terrestrial or arboreal in nature, while rats who prefer one environment may also live in the other.

Look in confined spaces, that are out of sight most of the time, such as behind appliances, crawl spaces, any gaps in walls etc. Look for ripped loft insulation, chewed items, and rat droppings in corners and inside items like cardboard boxes in lofts and attic rooms.

Look in sheds, garages, decks, vents or any entry to an internal area. Search for any gnaw marks at door frames, rat holes, droppings etc. Any compost bins, vegetation patches with food tend to attract rats as well. Check for rat holes dug or gnaw marks dug next to them.

Want to get rid of rats?

We all are familiar with this pest; they are a type of rodent that spoils the hygiene of the house and your well-being.

These species are found all-round the year and it becomes extremely difficult to manage them if not controlled. Their population grows very quickly causing harmful diseases to humans. This can be stopped by taking required preventive methods and putting an end to their nuisance.

A thorough rats inspection is needed of the entire house to identify and take preventive measures like attracting them with baits and traps to bring them out of their closure.